J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 3(suppl. 1): S38, 2015
Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Pharmacology of Natural Products FAPRONATURA 2015 September 21st-25th, 2015; Cuban Society of Pharmacology. Topes de Collantes, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba.
OC-20: STUDY OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF DIFFERENT CULTIVARS OF Mangifera indica L. LEAVES FOR THEIR USE AS A SOURCE OF MANGIFERIN
Romero JA1, Vandama R1, López M1, Capote M2, Ferradá C1, Carballo C1, Delgado R1, Vanden Berghe W3, Apers S3.
Introduction: The leaves of M. indica are used as a source of mangiferin for the pharmaceutical industry. The present study deals with the phytochemical and physicochemical evaluation of different varieties in order to identify the most suitable one. Material and Methods: The parameters included in this comparative study were extractable matter, mangiferin content, water content and total ash. In addition, the seasonal variation, storage and drying conditions were investigated. Results: ANOVA revealed a significant difference between the physicochemical parameters of the different cultivars. The Hierarchical Ascendant Classification divided the 29 cultivars into 4 clusters. For Super Haden cultivar during the stages of flowering, green fruit, ripe fruit and vegetative state, Mangiferin content was: 4.28 ± 0.86, 3.25 ± 0.03, 1.63 ± 0.11, 1.56 ± 0.12 respectively The storage results showed no statistically significant differences in mangiferin content among the different types of containers during a year. Conclusions: Of the 29 most economically important cultivars grown in Cuba, the Smith, Estero del Pinar, Super Haden, Chino rojo, Corazón, Santa Cruz and Reina de México varieties are those which combine a higher content of mangiferin with a lower extractable matter, so we consider these the most feasible varieties for use as a source for obtaining mangiferin for the pharmaceutical industry. The most optimal collection period includes the flowering and green fruit stages. Drying the plant material using a solar dryer and storage for one year in glass or polypropylene containers guarantees the retaining of all the physicochemical characteristics.
Citation Format: Romero JA, Vandama R, López M, Capote M, Ferradá C, Carballo C, Delgado R, Vanden Berghe W, Apers S (2015) Study of physicochemical parameters of different cultivars of Mangifera indica L. leaves for their use as a source of mangiferin. [Abstract]. In: Proceedings of the FAPRONATURA 2015; 2015 Sep 21-25; Topes de Collantes, Sancti Spiritus: CSF. J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 3(Suppl. 1): S38. Abstract nr OC-20.