J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 3(suppl. 1): S171, 2015
Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Pharmacology of Natural Products FAPRONATURA 2015 September 21st-25th, 2015; Cuban Society of Pharmacology. Topes de Collantes, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba.
PACH-78: CONTENT OF SOLIDS OF Caesalpinia vesicaria L. ACCORDING TO THE PART AND AGE OF THE PLANT
Celorio S1, Cuellar A2, Cuesta A3, Otero E4.
Introduction: Caesalpinia vesicaria L. is a rather small tree about 10 m high, and is one of the plants successfully used in traditional medicine at the region of La Sierrita, Cienfuegos province, by Mr. Enrique Otero, so called The Popular Scientist, who used the aqueous maceration from adult plants trunk chips for genitourinary track ailments. Nevertheless, it is interesting to study other parts of the plant, which could be easier to obtain and to handle, due to the extreme hardness of the wood. The purpose of this paper is to determine the solid content in different parts of the plant at different ages. Material and Methods: Samples of trunks and branches from trees at San Juan area in Cumanayagua municipality were collected. The samples matched Cienfuegos Botanical Garden HAJBC5829 and HAJBC7813 herbarium specimens. Morphological studies were performed on the wood for age determination. Trunks were chipped and separated into heart, timber and bark. Branches were separated into sterns and leaves. They were also organized by age groups: 17 years, 3 years and less than one year old. All the material was ground and shadow dried. The determinations performed were water content and soluble matter in pure water, 30 and 80 percent hydro alcoholic mixtures and pure alcohol. Results: According to the plant part, the higher soluble matter content in all solvents belonged to the leaves, followed by the stem, timber and bark. According to the solvent, hydro alcoholic mixtures gave the higher extraction rates. According to the age, trees over 5 years exhibited higher solids content. Conclusions: Due to their high solid content, the leaves should be further studied. Samples older than 5 years must be preferred.
Citation Format: Celorio S, Cuellar A, Cuesta A, Otero E (2015) Content of solids of Caesalpinia vesicaria L. according to the part and age of the plant. [Abstract]. In: Proceedings of the FAPRONATURA 2015; 2015 Sep 21-25; Topes de Collantes, Sancti Spiritus: CSF. J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 3(Suppl. 1): S171. Abstract nr PACH-78.