J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 3(suppl. 1): S172, 2015
Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Pharmacology of Natural Products FAPRONATURA 2015 September 21st-25th, 2015; Cuban Society of Pharmacology. Topes de Collantes, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba.
PACH-79: CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITY OF THE Ocimum basilicum L. LEAVES ESSENTIAL OIL
Chil I1,2,3, Escalona JC1, Mendonça PM2, Dutok CM1,2,3, Cortinhas LB2, de Carvalho MG4, Queiroz MMC2.
Introduction: Aromatic plants and their essential oils have been worldwide used for the human being. Ocimum basilicum (L.) (Lamiaceae) commonly known as basil, is one of the most widely consumed herbs in the world as flavor in food and fragrance in pharmaceutical products. Material and Methods: A chemical composition study by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry and the insecticidal activity of O. basilicum leaves essential oil against Musca domestica is accomplished. Results: A yellow essential oil with a yield of 0.5% (w/v) and a total of 20 identified compounds, tree of them in high concentration as eugenol 21.96%, β-caryriophyllene 20.79% and bicyclogermacrene 20.38%. From a chemical point of view, the major part of the constituents is sesquiterpene types (16 compounds). The biological activity shows a mortality dependant of the concentration. The medium lethal dose was estimated in 9.41 µg. Conclusions: The major compounds of this essential oil can be considered as the responsible of the insecticidal action.
Citation Format: Chil I, Escalona JC, Mendonça PM, Dutok CM, Cortinhas LB, de Carvalho MG, Queiroz MMC (2015) Chemical characterization and insecticidal activity of the Ocimum basilicum L. leaves essential oil. [Abstract]. In: Proceedings of the FAPRONATURA 2015; 2015 Sep 21-25; Topes de Collantes, Sancti Spiritus: CSF. J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 3(Suppl. 1): S172. Abstract nr PACH-79.