Traditional use of medicinal plants in M’sila, Algeria

J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 2(2): 31-35, 2014.

Original article | Artículo original

Traditional use of medicinal plants in a city at steppic character (M’sila, Algeria)

[Uso tradicional de plantas medicinales en una ciudad con carácter estepario (M’sila, Argelia)]

Madani Sarria,b*, Fatima Zahra Mouyeta, Meriem Benzianea, Amina Cherieta

aDepartment of Nature Sciences and Life, Faculty of Sciences, M’sila University, 28000 M’sila, Algeria.
bLaboratory of Phytotherapy Applied to Chronic Diseases, Faculty of Nature Sciences and Life, Setif 1 University, 19000 Setif, Algeria. * E-mail: Mad_sari@yahoo.fr
Abstract

Context: M’sila city occupies a privileged position in the central part of northern Algeria. The climate of this area is continental, subject in part to the Saharan influences of which vegetation is steppic.
Aims: Highlight traditional usage of plants despite environmental characteristics.
Methods: An ethnobotanical survey in the city of M’sila was conducted during the period 2011-2012 in collaboration with traditional practitioners, herbalists and healers. A total of 85 adults were able to determine the species and answer questions about the traditional use of plants in artisanal processing, nutritional and medicinal domains.
Results: Medicinal plants recorded in the city of M’sila were 36 divided into 16 families and 31 genera. Lamiaceae family predominates (27.8%), followed by Asteraceae (13.9%). Leaves are the most frequently used (27.4%), the aerial parts (18.5%) and thus the seeds (16.3%). It appears that the population is highly dependent on these plants that allow them to treat different pathologies (digestive, stomach, diarrhea, constipation, vomiting) with a percentage (18.6%), carminative (5.7%) and antidiabetic (12.2%). In general, the remedies are administered orally. Indeed, therapeutic use forms are: the tisane or decoction (44.7%), infusion (27.1%) and powder (12.2%).
Conclusions: The ethnobotanical survey conducted among traditional healers, herbalists and healers in the M’sila city has created an inventory of 36 species and a database that collected all the information on local and traditional therapeutic applications as well as all the diseases treated.

Keywords: Ethnobotany; ethnopharmacological; therapeutic applications.

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Resumen

Contexto: La ciudad de M’sila ocupa una posición privilegiada en la parte central del norte de Argelia. El clima de esta zona es de tipo continental, con la influencia del Sahara, y la vegetación es de estepa.
Objetivos: Destacar el uso tradicional de las plantas, a pesar de las características ambientales.
Métodos: Un estudio etnobotánico se llevó a cabo en la ciudad de M’sila durante el período 2011-2012, en colaboración con los médicos tradicionales, herbalistas y curanderos. Un total de 85 adultos fueron capaces de determinar las especies y responder preguntas sobre el uso tradicional de las plantas en procesos artesanales y los dominios nutricionales y medicinales.
Resultados: Las plantas medicinales registradas fueron 36, divididas en 16 familias y 31 géneros. La famílias más utilizadas son Lamiaceae (27,4%), seguida de Asteraceae (13,9%). Las partes de las plantas más utilizadas son las hojas (27,4%), las partes aéreas (18,5%) y después las semillas (16,3%). Al parecer la población es muy dependiente de estas plantas. El 18,6% manifestó que les permiten el tratamiento de diferentes patologías (digestivas, estomacales, diarrea, estreñimiento, vómitos), carminativo (5,7%) y antidiabético (12,2%). En general, los remedios se administran por vía oral. Las formas de uso terapéutico más usadas son: la tisana o decocción (44,7%), La infusión (27,1%) y el polvo (12,2%).
Conclusiones: El estudio etnobotánico realizado entre los curanderos tradicionales, herbalistas y sanadores en la ciudad M’sila ha creado un inventario de 36 especies y una base de datos que recoge toda la información sobre las aplicaciones terapéuticas locales y tradicionales, así como todas las enfermedades tratadas.

Palabras Clave: Etnobotánica; etnofarmacología; aplicaciones terapéuticas.

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Citation Format: Madani Sarri, Fatima Zahra Mouyet, Meriem Benziane, Amina Cheriet (2014) Traditional use of medicinal plants in a city at steppic character (M’sila, Algeria). J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 2(2): 31-35.
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