J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 2(Suppl. 1): S16, 2014
Special supplement with the abstract book of LATINFARMA 2013
CO 031: ALTERNATIVES TO THE USE OF ANIMALS IN VETERINARY MEDICINE EDUCATION
Torres M, Guerrero R, Serrano C, Arcila V.Grupo de Investigación en Ciencias Animales, GRICA. Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia. Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, UCC, Sede Bucaramanga. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The training of biomedical students including veterinarians, involves the use of animals. These practices have been proven to cause high levels of stress that affect animal welfare and health. The traditional teaching model raises a hard ethical dilemma; at the center of this debate lays claims about animal rights to do not suffer pain and anguish. On the other hand there is the student training, which requires the acquisition of high level skills for the future professional life. The aim of this study was to develop a sensitization strategy for the academic community addressing alternatives to the use of animals in higher education. Reducing the use of animals in the classroom and biomedical research through the design of inanimate anatomical models (IAM). A pilot study was conducted on the students attending to a university medical practice. The skills acquisition was assessed in the control and experimental group. The results suggest that the use of IAM might improve the students learning process and the development of technical abilities with a positive impact in the animal health. The entailment of IAM as part of the teaching-learning processes should be considered for approval at the educative institutions curriculum committee. Thus, in order to establish the academic guidelines, which are necessary for the implementation of IAM. From an economic point of view, the use of IAM will benefit faculty expenses considering the substantial reduction on animal maintenance, supplies and drugs costs. As socially acceptable alternative, the use of IAM produces a large positive impact on the relationships with the animal rights organizations and Non-governmental organizations (NGOs).