J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 2(Suppl. 1): S22, 2014
Special supplement with the abstract book of LATINFARMA 2013
CO 040: EDUCATIVE INTERVENTION ON ESSENTIAL MEDICATIONS TO BE USED IN DISASTERS BY FAMILY DOCTORS IN ARROYO NARANJO MUNICIPALITY, IN 2012
López Aguilera AF, Furones Mourelle JA, Bravo Palma PP.Facultad de Medicina Julio Trigo López, La Habana, Cuba. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO) has proposed a list of essential medications to be used in case of natural and anthropogenic disasters. Cuba in its list of essential medications has included almost all these medications as recommended by that organization.
Objective: To improve the knowledge on essential medications to be used in case of disasters on the part of family doctors in Arroyo Naranjo municipality.
Method: A quasi experimental study on essential medications to be used in case of disasters was conducted before and after the educative intervention in Arroyo Naranjo municipality in 2012. The work universe was composed of 70 family doctors. The sample consisted of 55 doctors. These doctors were chosen by non-probabilistic sampling by expert criteria. They were subjected to an initial inquire to find out the weak points on their knowledge about essential medications in case of disasters. The variables taken into consideration were the actual existence of medications, kinds of medications, pharmacological group, nonexistent medications, and substitutive medications. The lists of essential medications in case of emergencies of the WHO were used as a referential pattern. Absolute frequencies and percentages were used as summation measurement.
Results: At the beginning 87.4% of the family doctors’ knowledge on the matter was evaluated as BAD, and only 5.4% as GOOD. Later on, in the second evaluative period, 89.2% of the doctors reached the qualitative category of GOOD. All conceptual errors on different aspects found in the first evaluative period were improved.
Conclusions: The educative intervention proved to be useful when trying to improve the family doctors’ knowledge concerning essential medications when facing disasters.