Ethnobotanical use of medicinal halophytes plants in Biskra, Algeria

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J. Pharm. Pharmacogn. Res., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 1143-1155, Nov-Dec 2024. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56499/jppres24.2017_12.6.1143 Original Article Inventorization of ethnobotanical use of some medicinal halophytes plants in the Algerian arid zone (Biskra) [Inventario del uso etnobotánico de algunas plantas halófitas medicinales en la zona árida de Argelia (Biskra)] Zohra F. Behaz¹,²*, Fatma Demnati Allache1,3, Naima Mebrek1,2, … Continue reading Ethnobotanical use of medicinal halophytes plants in Biskra, Algeria

J. Pharm. Pharmacogn. Res., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 1143-1155, Nov-Dec 2024.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.56499/jppres24.2017_12.6.1143

Original Article

Inventorization of ethnobotanical use of some medicinal halophytes plants in the Algerian arid zone (Biskra)

[Inventario del uso etnobotánico de algunas plantas halófitas medicinales en la zona árida de Argelia (Biskra)]

Zohra F. Behaz¹,²*, Fatma Demnati Allache1,3, Naima Mebrek1,2, Amina Belhadj4

1Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Biskra, Algeria.

2Laboratory; Ecosystem Diversity and Production Systems Dynamics in Drylands (DEDSPAZA), Algeria.

3Development of Automatic and Intelligent Control Systems in Agriculture in Arid Regions (DAICSAAR), Algeria.

4Higher School of Saharan Agriculture, El Oued, Algeria.

*E-mail: fatimazohra.behaz@univ-biskra.dz, fatima_agro@hotmail.com

Abstract

Context: The population's use of halophyte plants in traditional medicine is a fundamental component of the exploration of natural remedies.

Aims: To analyze a list of halophyte plants and their ethnobotanical characteristics, with a focus on those most commonly used in traditional medicine in the southeast of Algeria (Biskra).

Methods: The ethnobotanical surveys were conducted between 2017 and 2019 by interviewing 120 informants using a questionnaire and applying a semi-structured interview methodology. The data was analyzed using ethnobotanical statistical tools, including the informant consensus factor (ICF), citation frequency (CF), use value (UV), family importance value (FIV), relative frequency of citation (RFC), plant part value (PPV), and relative importance (RI), as well as statistics analysis (ANOVA) to compare the use of medicinal plants according to age, gender, and education level.

Results: The results of the survey enabled us to identify 12 species distributed across eight different families. The most common family was that of the Amaranthaceae (four species), while the most frequently utilized parts of plants were leaves (PPV = 0.4). Furthermore, decoctions were the most commonly prepared form (33.39%). The highest ICF values were observed for the endocrinological and digestive disease groups (ICF = 0.97). The statistical analysis (ANOVA) revealed a significant difference in the knowledge of the use of halophyte plants in traditional medicine according to age and level of education.

Conclusions: The findings of this research suggest that the halophyte flora in our arid study area may offer a promising source for the discovery of new drugs, a prospect that requires further investigation and exploration.

Keywords: Biskra; diseases; ethnobotanical survey; halophyte plants; traditional medicine.

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Resumen

Contexto: El uso de plantas halófitas por parte de la población en la medicina tradicional es un componente fundamental en la exploración de remedios naturales.

Objetivos: Analizar una lista de plantas halófitas y sus características etnobotánicas, centrándose en las más utilizadas en la medicina tradicional en el sureste de Argelia (Biskra).

Métodos: Las encuestas etnobotánicas se realizaron entre 2017 y 2019 entrevistando a 120 informantes mediante un cuestionario y aplicando una metodología de entrevista semiestructurada. Los datos se analizaron utilizando herramientas estadísticas etnobotánicas, incluido el factor de consenso del informante (ICF), frecuencia de citación (CF), valor de uso (UV), valor de importancia familiar (FIV), frecuencia relativa de citación (RFC), valor de parte de la planta (PPV), e importancia relativa (RI), así como análisis estadístico (ANOVA) para comparar el uso de plantas medicinales según edad, sexo y nivel educativo.

Resultados: Los resultados del estudio nos permitieron identificar 12 especies distribuidas en ocho familias diferentes. La familia más común fue la de Amaranthaceae (cuatro especies), mientras que las partes de las plantas más utilizadas fueron las hojas (PPV = 0,4). Además, las decocciones fueron la forma más comúnmente preparada (33,39%). Los valores más altos de LIC se observaron para los grupos de enfermedades endocrinológicas y digestivas (ICF = 0,97). El análisis estadístico (ANOVA) reveló diferencia significativa en el conocimiento sobre el uso de plantas halófitas en la medicina tradicional según edad y nivel de escolaridad.

Conclusiones: Los hallazgos de esta investigación sugieren que la flora halófita en nuestra árida área de estudio puede ofrecer una fuente prometedora para el descubrimiento de nuevos fármacos, una perspectiva que requiere más investigación y exploración.

Palabras Clave: Biskra; enfermedades; estudio etnobotánico; medicina tradicional; plantas halófitas.

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Citation Format: Behaz FZ, Demnati Allache F, Mebrek N, Belhadj A (2024) Inventorization of ethnobotanical use of some medicinal halophytes plants in the Algerian arid zone (Biskra). J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 12(6): 1143–1155. https://doi.org/10.56499/jppres24.2017_12.6.1143
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