Medicinal plants and osteoarticular diseases in the Moroccan Rif

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J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 7(6): 454-470, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56499/jppres19.644_7.6.454 Original Article Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used to treat osteoarticular diseases in the Moroccan Rif, Morocco [Estudio etnobotánico de plantas medicinales utilizadas para tratar enfermedades osteoarticulares en el Rif marroquí, Marruecos] Noureddine Chaachouay*, Ouafae Benkhnigue, Mohamed Fadli, Rachida El Ayadi, Lahcen Zidane Natural Resources and Biodiversity Laboratory, … Continue reading Medicinal plants and osteoarticular diseases in the Moroccan Rif

J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 7(6): 454-470, 2019.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.56499/jppres19.644_7.6.454

Original Article

Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used to treat osteoarticular diseases in the Moroccan Rif, Morocco

[Estudio etnobotánico de plantas medicinales utilizadas para tratar enfermedades osteoarticulares en el Rif marroquí, Marruecos]

Noureddine Chaachouay*, Ouafae Benkhnigue, Mohamed Fadli, Rachida El Ayadi, Lahcen Zidane

Natural Resources and Biodiversity Laboratory, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, B.P. 133 14000, Kenitra, Morocco.
Abstract

Context: Ethnobotanical studies are one of the important steps in bioprospecting and preserving traditional uses of medicinal plants.

Aims: To identify medicinal and aromatic plants used by the local people to treat osteoarticular diseases, together with the associated ethnomedicinal knowledge.

Methods: The ethnobotanical survey was conducted in the Moroccan Rif region (North of Morocco) for two periods from 2016 to 2018. In total, 520 local traditional herbalists and users of these plants were interviewed. Information was collected using semi-structured interviews and group discussion, analyzed and compared by quantitative ethnobotanical indices such as family importance value (FIV), relative frequency of citation (RFC), plant part value (PPV), fidelity level (FL) and informant consensus factor (ICF) were used to analyze the obtained data.

Results: The analysis of results identified 17 plant species distributed in 10 families with a dominance of the Poaceae (6 species). Concerning the diseases treated, rheumatism diseases have the highest ICF (0.98). The survey revealed that leaves were the most used part of the plants (PPV=0.37) and the majority preparation used was a decoction (40.9%).

Conclusions: The results of the present study showed the existence of indigenous ethnomedicinal knowledge of medicinal and aromatic plants in the Moroccan Rif to treat osteoarticular diseases. Further research on phytochemical, pharmacological and other biological activities should be considered to discover new drugs from these documented plants.

Keywords: Moroccan Rif; medicinal and aromatic plants; osteoarticular diseases.

Resumen

Contexto: Los estudios etnobotánicos son uno de los pasos importantes en la bio-prospección y preservación de los usos tradicionales de las plantas medicinales.

Objetivos: Identificar plantas medicinales y aromáticas utilizadas por la población local para tratar enfermedades osteoarticulares, junto con el conocimiento etnomedicinal asociado.

Métodos: El estudio etnobotánico se realizó en la región del Rif marroquí (norte de Marruecos) durante dos períodos, de 2016 a 2018. En total, se entrevistó a 520 herbolarios tradicionales locales y usuarios de estas plantas. La información se recopiló mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas y discusión grupal, se analizó y comparó mediante índices etnobotánicos cuantitativos como el valor de importancia familiar (FIV), la frecuencia relativa de citas (RFC), el valor de la parte de la planta (PPV), el nivel de fidelidad (FL) y el factor de consenso del informante (ICF) se utilizó para analizar los datos obtenidos.

Resultados: El análisis de los resultados identificó 17 especies de plantas distribuidas en 10 familias con un predominio de las Poaceae (6 especies). En cuanto a las enfermedades tratadas, las enfermedades de reumatismo tienen el ICF más alto (0,98). La encuesta reveló que las hojas eran la parte más utilizada de las plantas (VPP = 0,37) y la mayor parte de la preparación utilizada era una decocción (40,9%).

Conclusiones: Los resultados del presente estudio mostraron la existencia de conocimientos etnomedicinales indígenas de plantas medicinales y aromáticas en el Rif marroquí para tratar enfermedades osteoarticulares. Se deben considerar investigaciones adicionales sobre las actividades fitoquímicas, farmacológicas y otras actividades biológicas para descubrir nuevos fármacos a partir de estas plantas documentadas.

Palabras Clave: enfermedades osteoarticulares; plantas medicinales y aromáticas; Rif marroquí.

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Citation Format: Chaachouay N, Benkhnigue O, Fadli M, El Ayadi R, Zidane L (2019) Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants Used to Treat Osteoarticular Diseases in the Moroccan Rif, Morocco. J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 7(6): 454–470. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56499/jppres19.644_7.6.454

© 2019 Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmacognosy Research (JPPRes)

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