Medicinal plants and remedies for oral health in Meknes, Morocco

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J. Pharm. Pharmacogn. Res., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 759-785, Jul-Aug 2024. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56499/jppres23.1873_12.4.759 Original Article Comparative ethnopharmacological survey: Medicinal plants and remedies for oral health in Meknes, Morocco, and their limits facing modern dentistry [Estudio etnofarmacológico comparativo: Plantas medicinales y remedios para la salud bucodental en Meknes, Marruecos, y sus límites frente a la … Continue reading Medicinal plants and remedies for oral health in Meknes, Morocco

J. Pharm. Pharmacogn. Res., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 759-785, Jul-Aug 2024.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.56499/jppres23.1873_12.4.759

Original Article

Comparative ethnopharmacological survey: Medicinal plants and remedies for oral health in Meknes, Morocco, and their limits facing modern dentistry

[Estudio etnofarmacológico comparativo: Plantas medicinales y remedios para la salud bucodental en Meknes, Marruecos, y sus límites frente a la odontología moderna]

Asmae Benabderrahmane1,2*, Majid Atmani1, Wijdane Rhioui1,2, Abdellatif Boutagayout2, Saadia Belmalha2

1Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, B.P. 2202 – Route d’Imouzzer, Fez, Morocco.

2Department of Plant Protection and Environment, National School of Agriculture, Km 10 Haj Kadour, B.P. S/40 50 000, Meknes, Morocco.

*E-mail: asmae.benabderrahmane@usmba.ac.ma

Abstract

Context: For centuries, herbal remedies have been widely used to alleviate and prevent oral pathologies.

Aims: To compare the herbalists’ knowledge with that of the local population, their prevalence of the use of modern non-pharmacological medicine, and investigate the traditional knowledge of the use of medicinal and aromatic plants for oral health in Meknes, Morocco.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a structured questionnaire. Along with medicinal plants, other remedies such as alum, salt, and vinegar have also been investigated. Statistical calculations by use value, relative frequency of citation, family use value, informant consensus factor, and fidelity level were performed and compared between the two groups.

Results: Numerous medicinal plant species were identified for oral health, namely Syzygium aromaticum, Juglans regia, and Ammi visnaga. Most participants reported using these plants to treat and prevent dental caries, gingivitis, and toothache. Herbalists were found to have a greater knowledge of plants and their uses than the general population. However, a significant proportion of participants, including herbalists, opted for modern medicine or dental care and extraction as treatments of choice, combined or not with traditional treatments.

Conclusions: This study emphasizes the rich understanding of medicinal plants for oral health, underscoring herbalists' role as key informants on traditional plant usage for various oral diseases. The populace's increasing reliance on modern dental treatments highlights the limitations of natural remedies for severe oral conditions. Nonetheless, integrating these plants alongside modern dentistry can optimize oral health prevention strategies.

Keywords: medicinal and aromatic plants; modern dentistry; oral health; traditional knowledge.

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Resumen

Contexto: Durante siglos, los remedios herbales han sido ampliamente utilizados para aliviar y prevenir patologías orales.

Objetivos: Comparar el conocimiento de los herbolarios con el de la población local, su prevalencia en el uso de medicina moderna no farmacológica e investigar el conocimiento tradicional sobre el uso de plantas medicinales y aromáticas (MAPs) para la salud oral en Meknes, Marruecos.

Métodos: Se realizó una encuesta transversal utilizando un cuestionario estructurado. Junto con las plantas medicinales, también se investigaron otros remedios como alumbre, sal y vinagre. Se realizaron cálculos estadísticos con valor de uso, frecuencia relativa de citación, valor de uso familiar, factor de consenso del informante y nivel de fidelidad, y se compararon entre los dos grupos.

Resultados: Se identificaron numerosas especies de plantas medicinales para la salud oral, como Syzygium aromaticum, Juglans regia y Ammi visnaga. La mayoría de los participantes informaron usar estas plantas para tratar y prevenir caries, gingivitis y dolor de muelas. Se descubrió que los herbolarios tenían un mayor conocimiento de las plantas y sus usos que la población general. Sin embargo, una proporción significativa de participantes, incluidos los herbolarios, optaron por la medicina moderna o la atención y extracción dental como tratamientos de elección, combinados o no con tratamientos tradicionales.

Conclusiones: Este estudio enfatiza la comprensión sólida de las plantas medicinales para la salud oral, subrayando el papel de los herbolarios como informantes clave sobre el uso tradicional de plantas para diversas enfermedades bucales. La creciente dependencia de la población en tratamientos dentales modernos resalta las limitaciones de los remedios naturales para afecciones bucales graves. Sin embargo, integrar estas plantas junto con la odontología moderna puede optimizar las estrategias de prevención de la salud oral.

Palabras Clave: conocimiento tradicional; odontología moderna; plantas medicinales y aromáticas; salud oral.

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Citation Format: Benabderrahmane A, Atmani M, Rhioui W, Boutagayout A, Belmalha S (2024) Comparative ethnopharmacological survey: Medicinal plants and remedies for oral health in Meknes, Morocco, and their limits facing modern dentistry. J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 12(4): 759–785. https://doi.org/10.56499/jppres23.1873_12.4.759
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