J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 3(suppl. 1): S170, 2015
Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Pharmacology of Natural Products FAPRONATURA 2015 September 21st-25th, 2015; Cuban Society of Pharmacology. Topes de Collantes, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba.
PACH-77: PHARMACOGNOSTIC STUDY OF Schinus terenbinthifolius RADDI (FALSE COPAL)
Águila C, Álvares Y, Mena O.
Introduction: The hydro-alcoholic extracts obtained from the Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (false copal) leaves are broadly used by their anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. The objective was to develop a pharmacognostic study of the S. terebinthifolius. Material and Methods: The botanical species was taxonomically classified and the morphology of the leaves was visually evaluated. The drying study was developed under different conditions and humidity, drying temperature and weight loss were measured. The dry vegetable material was stored in flasks of amber glass, bags of kraft paper and in polyethylene bags. Humidity, the organoleptic characteristics and microbial load were evaluated. From a hydro-alcoholic extract to 80% obtained by maceration, the secondary metabolites were identified using the technique of Rondina and Coussio (1969) modified by Durand (1986). The physico-chemical parameters: organoleptic characteristics, pH, relative density, refraction index, alcoholic content and total solids were determined. The metabolites of interest were identified by chromatographic in thin layer. Total phenols were quantified by visible UV spectrophotometry to 765 nm. Results and Conclusions: The results indicated that it was the Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi species according to the consulted bibliography. The solar dryer and the nylon bags were the most efficient methods to obtain and store the dry vegetable material. Several secondary metabolites were identified in the hydro-alcoholic extract (pH: 5.30, density: 0.8902, total solids: 8.4%, refraction index: 1.3786, alcoholic content: 72%), steroids, resins, alkaloids, phenols and tannins , by obtaining a 7.88% of total phenols in correspondence with what other authors have found.
Citation Format: Águila C, Álvares Y, Mena O (2015) Pharmacognostic study of Schinus terenbinthifolius Raddi (false copal). [Abstract]. In: Proceedings of the FAPRONATURA 2015; 2015 Sep 21-25; Topes de Collantes, Sancti Spiritus: CSF. J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 3(Suppl. 1): S170. Abstract nr PACH-77.