Risk factors associated with early childhood caries

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J. Pharm. Pharmacogn. Res., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 683-700, Jul-Aug 2024. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56499/jppres23.1876_12.4.683 Review Risk factors associated with early childhood caries: A bibliometric analysis [Factores de riesgo asociados a la caries de la primera infancia: Un análisis bibliométrico] Melissa Pinella-Vega1, Julio Romero-Gamboa1, John E. Gallego-Ramírez2, Pablo A. Millones-Gómez1, Alejandro Valencia-Arias3* 1Escuela de Estomatología, Universidad … Continue reading Risk factors associated with early childhood caries

J. Pharm. Pharmacogn. Res., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 683-700, Jul-Aug 2024.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.56499/jppres23.1876_12.4.683

Review

Risk factors associated with early childhood caries: A bibliometric analysis

[Factores de riesgo asociados a la caries de la primera infancia: Un análisis bibliométrico]

Melissa Pinella-Vega1, Julio Romero-Gamboa1, John E. Gallego-Ramírez2, Pablo A. Millones-Gómez1, Alejandro Valencia-Arias3*

1Escuela de Estomatología, Universidad Señor de Sipán, Chiclayo 14001, Perú.

2Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Envigado, Colombia.

3Escuela de Ingeniería Industrial, Universidad Señor de Sipán, Chiclayo 14001, Perú.

*E-mail: valenciajho@uss.edu.pe

Abstract

Context: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a significant oral health problem affecting children worldwide. Its consequences can range from pain and infection to impact on children's quality of life. Research on risk factors associated with ECC is evolving but shows gaps and inconsistencies.

Aims: To examine research trends on risk factors associated with early childhood caries in the Scopus and Web of Science databases.

Methods: A methodology based on the PRISMA 2020 declaration was used, focusing on a systematic bibliometric review.

Results: The results showed a significant increase in scientific interest in ECC, especially in 2021 and 2022, with a 98.87% increase in publications. Countries such as India and the United States were leading the research, and current thematic trends lean towards oral hygiene practices and survival analysis.

Conclusions: The evolution of the field suggests a focus on emerging areas and adaptability to the changing needs of affected populationss.

Keywords: early childhood caries; oral health; oral hygiene practices; prevention; PRISMA 2020.

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Resumen

Contexto: La caries de la primera infancia (CPI) es un importante problema de salud bucodental que afecta a niños de todo el mundo. Sus consecuencias pueden ir desde el dolor y la infección hasta el impacto en la calidad de vida de los niños. La investigación sobre los factores de riesgo asociados con la CPI está evolucionando, pero muestra lagunas e inconsistencias.

Objetivos: Examinar las tendencias de la investigación sobre los factores de riesgo asociados a la caries de la primera infancia en las bases de datos Scopus y Web of Science.

Métodos: Se utilizó una metodología basada en la declaración PRISMA 2020, centrada en una revisión bibliométrica sistemática.

Resultados: Los resultados mostraron un aumento significativo del interés científico por la CPI, especialmente en 2021 y 2022, con un incremento del 98,87% de las publicaciones. Países como India y Estados Unidos lideraban la investigación, y las tendencias temáticas actuales se inclinan hacia las prácticas de higiene oral y el análisis de supervivencia.

Conclusiones: La evolución del campo sugiere un enfoque en áreas emergentes y adaptabilidad a las necesidades cambiantes de las poblaciones afectadas.

Palabras Clave: caries de la primera infancia; salud bucodental; prácticas de higiene bucodental; prevención; PRISMA 2020.

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Citation Format: Pinella-Vega M, Romero-Gamboa J, Gallego-Ramírez JE, Millones-Gómez PA, Valencia-Arias A (2024) Risk factors associated with early childhood caries: A bibliometric analysis. J Pharm Pharmacogn Res 12(4): 683–700. https://doi.org/10.56499/jppres23.1876_12.4.683
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